Publications

Townsend, S. S. M., Stephens, N. M., Smallets, S., & Hamedani, M. (2019). Empowerment through difference:
An online difference-education intervention closes the social class achievement gap
.
Personality and Social
Psychology Bulletin, 45, 1068-1083.

Stephens, N. M., Hamedani, M., & Townsend, S. S. M. (2019). Difference matters: Teaching students a contextual
theory of difference can help them succeed
. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14, 156–174.

Destin, M., Manzo, V. M., & Townsend, S. S. M. (2018). Thoughts about a Successful Future Encourage Action in the Face of Challenge. Motivation and Emotion, 42, 321-333.

Townsend, S. S. M., Stephens, N. M., Smallets, S., & Hamedani, M. (2018). Empowerment through difference: An online difference-education intervention closes the social class achievement gap. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Townsend, S. S. M., & Truong, M. (2017). Cultural models of self and social class disparities at organizational gateways and pathways. Current Opinion in Psychology, 18, 93-98. 

Stephens, N. M., & Townsend, S. S. M. (2017). Research: How you feel about individualism is influenced by your social class. Harvard Business Review, May 22. 

Major, B., Kuntsman, J. W., Malta, B. D., Sawyer, P. J., Townsend, S. S. M., & Mendes, W. B. (2016). Suspicion of motives shapes minorities’ responses to positive feedback in interracial interactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 62, 75-88. 

Stephens, N. M., Townsend, S. S. M., Hamedani, M., Destin, M., & Manzo, V. (2015). A Difference-education intervention equips first-generation college students to thrive in the face of stressful college situations. Psychological Science, 26, 1556-1566.

Hall, E. V., Phillips, K. W., & Townsend, S. S. M. (2015). A rose by any other name? The consequences of subtyping “African Americans” from "Blacks." Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 56, 183-190.    

Stephens, N. M., Cameron, J., & Townsend, S. S. M. (2014). Lower social class does not (always) mean greater interdependence: Women in poverty have fewer social resources than working-class women. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 45, 1061–1073.

Townsend, S. S. M., Kim, H. S., & Mesquita, B. Are you feeling what I’m feeling? (2014). Emotional concordance attenuates experiences of stress. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 526-533.

Townsend, S. S. M., Eliezer, D., Major, B., & Mendes, W. B. (2014). Influencing the World versus Adjusting to Constraints: Social Class Moderates Responses to Discrimination. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 226-234.

Townsend, S. S. M., & Thompson, L. (2014). Implications of the Protestant Work Ethic for cooperative and mixed-motive teams. Organizational Psychology Review, 4, 4-26.

Stephens, N. M., Townsend, S. S. M., Markus, H. R., & Phillips, T. (2012). A cultural mismatch: The adverse effect of independent cultural norms on the neuroendocrine and affective responses of first-generation college students in American universities. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1389-1393.

Townsend, S. S. M., Fryberg, S. A., Wilkins, C. L., & Markus, H. R. (2012). Being mixed: Who claims a biracial identity? Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 18, 91-96.

Sawyer, P., Major, B., Casad, B. J., Townsend, S. S. M., & Mendes, W. B. (2012). Discrimination and the stress response: Psychological and physiological consequences of anticipating prejudice in interracial interaction. American Journal of Public Health, 102, 1020-1026. 

Townsend, S. S. M., Major, B., Gangi, C., & Mendes, W. B. (2011). From “In the air” to “Under the skin:” Cortisol responses to social identity threat. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 151-164. 

Eliezer, D., Townsend, S. S. M., Sawyer, P. J., Major, B., & Mendes, W. B. (2011). System-justifying beliefs moderate the relationship between perceived discrimination and resting blood pressure. Social Cognition, 29, 303-321.

Townsend, S. S. M., Major, B., Sawyer, P. J., & Mendes, W. B. (2010). Can the absence of prejudice be more threatening than its presence? It depends on one’s worldview. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 933-947. 

Townsend, S. S. M., Markus, H. R., & Bergsieker, H. B. (2009). My choice, your categories: The denial of multiracial identities. Journal of Social Issues, 65, 185-204.

Uchida, Y., Townsend, S. S. M., Markus, H. R., & Bergsieker, H. B. (2009). Emotions as within or between people?  Cultural variation in lay theories of emotion expression and emotion inferencePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 1427-1439. 

Stephens, N. M., Markus, H. R., & Townsend, S. S. M. (2007). Choice as an act of meaning: The case of social class. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 814-830.

Markus, H. R., Uchida, Y., Omoregie, H., Townsend, S. S. M., & Kitayama, S. (2006). Going for the gold: American and Japanese models of Olympic agency. Psychological Science, 17, 103-112.

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